July 21, 2010 (AFP) – The United States pressed Sri Lanka on Wednesday to improve human rights and media freedoms amid charges that security forces committed war crimes during the last days of the island’s civil war. During a one-day visit, US Assistant Secretary of State Robert Blake said reconciliation must play a key role in peace building, a year after troops crushed the 37-year Tamil separatist conflict that claimed 100,000 lives.
“There should be accountability to redress past wrongs,” Blake told reporters, referring to allegations by the United Nations that at least 7,000 ethnic Tamil civilians were killed in the final months of fighting last year.
The UN chief Ban Ki-moon has appointed a three-member advisory panel to probe alleged rights abuses during the last stages of the conflict despite heated opposition from Sri Lanka.
Many observers view the UN panel, headed by Marzuki Darusman, a former Indonesian attorney general, as a precursor to a full-blown war crimes investigation.
During discussions with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapakse, opposition leaders, businessmen and civil society, Blake said he urged all sides to improve the human rights situation in the country, particularly med