Mysticism, modernity collide in ritual at Indonesia’s Merapi

From left: Dr. Fernando Im, Senior Country Economist for Sri Lanka and the Maldives, The World Bank, Hon. Eran Wickramaratne, State Minister, Ministry of Finance and Mass Media, Dr. W A Wijewardana, Former Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Prof. Indralal de Silva, Former (Chair) of Demography, University of Colombo, Prof. Amala de Silva, Department of Economics, University of Colombo at the panel discussion on "Demographic Change in Sri Lanka" moderated by Dr. Ramani Gunatilaka, International Centre for Ethnic Studies.

KINAHREJO, Indonesia, May 19, 2006 (AFP) – The guardian of Indonesia’s Mount Merapi leads a silent procession — or what should be — around his hamlet under the cover of night in a bid to appease the volcano’s ancient spirits.

Merapi, which means “Mountain of Fire”, has been belching potentially deadly heat clouds from its depths for a week and spewing red-hot lava trails down its sides, prompting authorities to declare a top alert and evacuate thousands.

But the royally appointed guardian Marijan, aged in his 70s, is unconvinced that the mountain poses an immediate threat and has refused to budge from his hamlet here, bordering uninhabited forest a few kilometres from the peak.

He has even trudged closer to the peak, completing two nights of meditation at the sacred spot of Kendit before leading this rite near midnight on Thursday, an auspicious time according to ancient Javanese beliefs.

Marijan reads out a brief Islamic prayer — the vast majority of Indonesia’s 220 million people are Muslims but here many combine this with blends of ancient Hindu-Buddhist beliefs — before leading the march.

Although the procession, which begins with six men in traditional attire and six women, should be a serene